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  Convention for the European Patent for the common market (Community Patent Convention)
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5/9/2003


PART I - GENERAL AND INSTITUTIONAL PROVISIONS



CHAPTER I - GENERAL PROVISIONS


Article 1 - Common system of law for patents
1. A system of law, common to the Contracting States, concerning patents for invention is hereby established.
2. The common system of law shall govern the European patents granted for the Contracting States in accordance with the Convention on the Grant of European Patents, hereinafter referred to as ´the European Patent Convention´, and the European patent applications in which such States are designated.

Article 2 - Community patent
1. European patents granted for the Contracting States shall be called Community patents.
2. Community patents shall have a unitary character. They shall have equal effect throughout the territories to which this Convention applies and may only be granted, transferred, revoked or allowed to lapse in respect of the whole of such territories. The same shall apply mutatis mutandis to applications for European patents in which the Contracting States are designated.
3. Community patents shall have an autonomous character. They shall be subject only to the provisions of this Convention and those provisions of the European Patent Convention which are binding upon every European patent and which shall consequently be deemed to be provisions of this Convention.

Article 3 - Joint designation
Designation of the States parties to this Convention in accordance with Article 79 of the European Patent Convention shall be effected jointly. Designation of one or some only of these States shall be deemed to be designation of all of these States.

Article 4 - Setting up of special departments
The following bodies common to the Contracting States shall implement the procedures laid down in this Convention:
(a) special departments which are set up within the European Patent Office and whose work shall be supervised by a Select Committee of the Administrative Council of the European Patent Organization;
(b) the Common Appeal Court established by the Protocol on the Settlement of Litigation concerning the Infringement and Validity of Community Patents, hereinafter referred to as ´the Protocol on Litigation´.

Article 5 - National patents
This Convention shall be without prejudice to the right of the Contracting States to grant national patents.





CHAPTER II - SPECIAL DEPARTMENTS OF THE EUROPEAN PATENT OFFICE

Article 6 - The special departments
The special departments shall be as follows:
(a) a Patent Administration Division;
(b) one or more Revocation Divisions.

Article 7 - Patent Administration Division
1. The Patent Administration Division shall be responsible for all acts of the European Patent Office relating to Community patents, in so far as these acts are not the responsibility of other departments of the Office. It shall in particular be responsible for decisions in respects of entries in the Register of Community Patents.
2. Decisions of the Patent Administration Division shall be taken by one legally qualified member.
3. The members of the Patent Administration Division may not be members of the Boards of Appeal or the Enlarged Board of Appeal set up under the European Patent Convention.

Article 8 - Revocation Divisions
1. The Revocation Divisions shall be responsible for the examination of requests for the limitation of and applications for the revocation of Community patents, and for determining compensation under Article 43 (5).
2. A Revocation Division shall consist of one legally qualified member who shall be the Chairman, and two technically qualified members. Prior to the taking of a final decision on the request or application, the Revocation Division may entrust the examination of the request or application to one of its members. Oral proceedings shall be before the Revocation Division itself.

Article 9 - Exclusion and objection
1. Members of the Revocation Divisions may not take part in any proceedings if they have any personal interest therein, if they have previously been involved as representatives of one of the parties, or if they have participated in the final decision on the case in the proceedings for grant or opposition proceedings.
2. If, for one of the reasons mentioned in paragraph 1 or for any other reason, a member of a Revocation Division considers that he should not take part in any proceedings, he shall inform the division accordingly.
3. Members of a Revocation Division may be objected to by any party for one of the reasons mentioned in paragraph 1, or if suspected of partiality. An objection shall not be admissible if, while being aware of a reason for objection, the party has taken a procedural step. N objection may be based upon the nationality of members.
4. The Revocation Divisions shall decide as to the action to be taken in the cases specified in paragraphs 2 and 3 without the participation of the member concerned. For the purpose of taking this decision the member objected to shall be replaced by his alternate.

Article 10 - Languages for proceedings and publications
1. The official languages of the European Patent Office shall also be the official languages of the special departments.
2. Throughout the proceedings before the special departments, a translation ~filed in accordance with Article 14 (2), second sentence, of the European Patent Convention may be brought into conformity with the original text of the European patent application.
3. The official language of the European Patent Office in which the Community patent is granted shall be used as the language of the proceedings in all proceedings before the special departments concerning the Community patent, unless otherwise provided in the Implementing Regulations.
4. However, natural or legal persons having their residence or principal place of business within the territory of a Contracting State having a language other than one of the official languages of the European Patent Office as an official language, and nationals of that State who are resident abroad, may ~file documents which have to be ~filed within a time limit in an official language of the Contracting State concerned. They must, however, ~file a translation in the language of the proceedings within the time limit prescribed in the Implementing Regulations; in the cases provided for in the Implementing Regulations, they may ~file a translation in a different official language of the European Patent Office.
5. If any document is not ~filed in the language prescribed by this Convention, or if any translation required by virtue of this Convention is not ~filed in due time, the document shall be deemed not to have been received.
6. New specifications of Community patents published following limitation or revocation proceedings shall be published in the language of the proceedings; they shall ~include a translation of the amended claims in one of the official languages of each of the Contracting States which do not have as an official language the language of the proceedings.
7. The Community Patent Bulletin shall be published in the three official languages of the European Patent Office.
8. Entries in the Register of Community Patents shall be made in the three official languages of the European Patent Office. In cases of doubt, the entry in the language of the proceedings shall be authentic.
9. N State party to this Convention may avail itself of the authorizations given in Articles 65, 67 (3) and 70 (3) of the European Patent Convention.





CHAPTER III - THE SELECT COMMITTEE OF THE ADMINISTRATIVE COUNCIL

Article 11 - Membership
1. The Select Committee of the Administrative Council shall be composed of the Representatives of the Contracting States, the Representative of the Commission of the European Communities and their alternate Representatives. Each Contracting State and the Commission shall be entitled to appoint one Representative and one alternate Representative to the Select Committee. The same members shall represent the Contracting States on the Administrative Council and on the Select Committee.
2. The members of the Select Committee may, subject to the provisions of its Rules of Procedure, be assisted by advisers or experts.

Article 12 - Chairmanship
1. The Select Committee of the Administrative Council shall elect a Chairman and a Deputy Chairman from among the Representatives and alternate Representatives of the Contracting States. The Deputy Chairman shall ex officio replace the Chairman in the event of his being prevented from attending to his duties.
2. The duration of the terms of office of the Chairman and the Deputy Chairman shall be three years. The terms of office shall be renewable.

Article 13 - Board
1. The Select Committee of the Administrative Council may set up a Board composed of five of its members.
2. The chairman and the deputy chairman of the Select Committee shall be members of the board ex officio; the other three members shall be elected by the Select Committee.
3. The term of office of the members elected by the Select Committee shall be three years. This term of office shall be three years. This term of office shall not be renewable.
4. The board shall perform the duties given to it by the Select Committee in accordance with the Rules of Procedure.

Article 14 - Meetings
1. Meetings of the Select Committee of the Administrative Council shall be convened by its chairman.
2. The President of the European Patent Office shall take part in the deliberations of the Select Committee.
3. The Select Committee shall hold an ordinary meeting once each year. In addition, it shall meet on the initiative of its chairman or at the request of one-third of the Contracting States.
4. The deliberations of the Select Committee shall be based on an agenda, and shall be held in accordance with its Rules of Procedure.
5. The provisional agenda shall contain any question whose inclusion is requested by any Contracting State in accordance with the Rules of Procedure.

Article 15 - Languages of the Select Committee
1. The languages in use in the deliberations of the Select Committee of the Administrative Council shall be English, French and German.
2. Documents submitted to the Select Committee, and the minutes of its deliberations, shall be drawn up in the three languages mentioned in paragraph 1.

Article 16 - Competence of the Select Committee in certain cases
1. The Select Committee of the Administrative Council shall be competent to amend the following provisions of this Convention:
(a) the time limits laid down in the Convention which are to be observed vis-à-vis the European Patent Office;
(b) the Implementing Regulations.
2. The Select Committee shall be competent, in conformity with this Convention, to adopt or amend the following provisions:
(a) the Financial Regulations;
(b) the Rules relating to Fees;
(c) its Rules of Procedure.

Article 17 - Voting rights
1. The right to vote in the Select Committee of the Administrative Council shall be restricted to the Contracting States.
2. Each Contracting State shall have one vote, subject to the application of the provisions of Article 19.

Article 18 - Voting rules
1. The Select Committee of the Administrative Council shall take its decisions other than those referred to in paragraph 2 by a simple majority of the Contracting States represented and voting.
2. A majority of three-quarters of the votes of the Contracting States represented and voting shall be required for the decisions which the Select Committee is empowered to take under Article 16 and Article 21 (a).
3. Abstentions shall not be considered as votes.

Article 19 - Weighting of votes
In respect of the adoption or amendment of the rules relating to fees and, if the financial contribution to be made by the Contracting States would thereby be increased, the approval referred to in Article 21 (a), voting shall be conducted according to Article 36 of the European Patent Convention. The term ´Contracting States´ in that Article shall be understood as meaning the States parties to this Convention.





CHAPTER IV - FINANCIAL PROVISIONS

Article 20 - Financial obligations and benefits
1. The amount payable by the States parties to this Convention pursuant to Article 146 of the European Patent Convention shall be covered by financial contributions determined in respect of each State in accordance with the scale laid down in paragraph 3.
2. Both the revenue derived from fees paid in accordance with the rules relating to fees, less the payments to the European Patent Organization pursuant to Articles 39 and 147 of the European Patent Convention, and all other receipts of the European Patent Organization obtained in implementation of this convention shall be distributed among the States parties to this convention in accordance with the scale laid down in paragraph 3.
3. The scale referred to in paragraphs 1 and 2 shall be as follows:
- Belgium5,25 %
- Denmark5,20 %
- Germany20,40 %
- Greece4,40 %
- Spain6,30 %
- France12,80 %
- Ireland3,45 %
- Italy7,00 %
- Luxembourg3,00 %
- Netherlands11,80 %
- Portugal3,50 %
- United Kingdom16,90 %
4. The scale laid down in paragraph 3 may be amended by decision of the Council of the European Communities, acting on a proposal from the Commission of the European Communities, or on a request from at least three Contracting States, following a review to be conducted by the Select Committee of the Administrative Council of the European Patent Organization five years after the entry into force of the Agreement relating to Community Patents.
5. The decision referred to in paragraph 4 shall require:
(a) unanimity from the sixth to the 10th year inclusive from the date of entry into force of the Agreement relating to Community Patents;
(b) after the expiry of that period, a qualified majority; this majority shall be that specified in the first indent of the second subparagraph of Article 148 (2) of the Treaty establishing the European Economic Community.
6. Five years after the entry into force of the Agreement relating to Community Patents the necessary work shall be commenced in order to examine under what conditions and at what date the system of financing provided for in paragraphs 1 to 5 may be replaced by another system based, having regard to developments in the European Communities, on Community financing. This system may ~include the amounts payable by the States parties to this Convention pursuant to the European Patent Convention and the amounts accruing to these States pursuant to that Convention.
When this work has been concluded, this Article and, if appropriate, Article 19 may be amended by a decision of the Council of the European Communities acting unanimously on a proposal from the Commission.

Article 21 - Powers of the Select Committee of the Administrative Council in budgetary matters
The Select Committee of the Administrative Council shall:
(a) approve annually the forecasts of expenditure and revenue relating to the implementation of this Convention and any amendments or additions made to these forecasts, submitted to it by the President of the European Patent Office, and supervise the implementation thereof;
(b) grant the authorization provided for in Article 47 (2) of the European Patent Convention, in so far as the expenditure involved relates to the implementation of this Convention;
(c) approve the annual accounts of the European Patent Organization which relate to the implementation of this Convention and that part of the report of the auditors appointed under Article 49 (1) of the European Patent Convention which relates to these accounts, and give the President of the European Patent Office a discharge.

Article 22 - Rules relating to Fees
The Rules relating to Fees shall determine in particular the amounts of the fees and the ways in which they are to be paid.







PART II - SUBSTANTIVE PATENT LAW







CHAPTER I - RIGHT TO THE COMMUNITY PATENT

Article 23 - Claiming the right to the Community patent
1. If a Community patent has been granted to a person who is not entitled to it under Article 60 (1) of the European Patent Convention, the person entitled to it under that provision may, without prejudice to any other remedy which may be open to him, claim to have the patent transferred to him.
2. Where a person is entitled to only part of the Community patent, that person may, in accordance with paragraph 1, claim to be made a joint proprietor.
3. Legal proceedings in respect of the rights specified in paragraphs 1 and 2 may be instituted only within a period of not more than two years after the date on which the European Patent Bulletin mentions the grant of the European patent. This provision shall not apply if the proprietor of the patent knew, at the time when the patent was granted or transferred to him, that he was not entitled to the patent.
4. The fact that legal proceedings have been instituted shall be entered in the Register of Community Patents. Entry shall also be made of the final decision in, or of any other termination of, the proceedings.

Article 24 - Effect of change of proprietorship
1. Where there is a complete change of proprietorship of a Community patent as a result of legal proceedings under Article 23, licences and other rights shall lapse upon the registration of the person entitled to the patent in the Register of Community Patents.
2. If, before the institution of legal proceedings has been registered,
(a) the proprietor of the patent has used the invention within the territory of any of the Contracting States or made effective and serious preparations to do so, or
(b) a licensee of the patent has obtained his licence and has used the invention within the territory of any of the Contracting States or made effective and serious preparations to do so, he may continue such use provided that he requests a non-exclusive licence of the patent from the new proprietor whose name is entered in the Register of Community Patents.
Such request must be made within the period prescribed in the Implementing Regulations. The licence shall be granted for a reasonable period and upon reasonable terms.
3. Paragraph 2 shall not apply if the proprietor of the patent or the licensee, as the case may be, was acting in bad faith at the time when he began to use the invention or to make preparations to do so.





CHAPTER II - EFFECTS OF THE COMMUNITY PATENT AND THE EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION

Article 25 - Prohibition of direct use of the invention
A Community patent shall confer on its proprietor the right to prevent all third parties not having his consent:
(a) from making, offering, putting on the market or using a product which is the subject-matter of the patent, or importing or stocking the product for these purposes;
(b) from using a process which is the subject-matter of the patent or, when the third party knows, or it is obvious in the circumstances, that the use of the process is prohibited without the consent of the proprietor of the patent, from offering the process for use within the territories of the Contracting States;
(c) from offering, putting on the market, using, or importing or stocking for these purposes the product obtained directly by a process which is the subject-matter of the patent.

Article 26 - Prohibition of indirect use of the invention
1. A Community patent shall also confer on its proprietor the right to prevent all third parties not having his consent from supplying or offering to supply within the territories of the Contracting States a person, other than a party entitled to exploit the patented invention, with means, relating to an essential element of that invention, for putting it into effect therein, when the third party knows, or it is obvious in the circumstances, that these means are suitable and intended for putting that invention into effect.
2. Paragraph 1 shall not apply when the means are staple commercial products, except when the third party induces the person supplied to commit acts prohibited by Article 25.
3. Persons performing the acts referred to in Article 27 (a) to (c) shall not be considered to be parties entitled to exploit the invention within the meaning of paragraph 1.

Article 27 - Limitation of the effects of the Community patent
The rights conferred by a Community patent shall not extend to:
(a) acts done privately and for non-commercial purposes;
(b) acts done for experimental purposes relating to the subject-matter of the patented invention;
(c) the extemporaneous preparation for individual cases in a pharmacy of a medicine in accordance with a medical prescription nor acts concerning the medicine so prepared;
(d) the use on board vessels of the countries of the Union of Paris for the Protection of Industrial Property, other than the Contracting States, of the patented invention, in the body of the vessel, in the machinery, tackle, gear and other accessories, when such vessels temporarily or accidentally enter the waters of Contracting States, provided that the invention is used there exclusively for the needs of the vessel;
(e) the use of the patented invention in the construction or operation of aircraft or land vehicles of countries of the Union of Paris for the Protection of Industrial Property, other than the Contracting States, or of accessories to such aircraft or land vehicles, when these temporarily or accidentally enter the territory of Contracting States;
(f)the acts specified in Article 27 of the Convention on International Civil Aviation of 7 December 1944, where these acts concern the aircraft of a State, other than the Contracting States, benefiting from the provisions of that Article.

Article 28 - Exhaustion of the rights conferred by the Community patent
The rights conferred by a Community patent shall not extend to acts concerning a product covered by that patent which are done within the territories of the Contracting States after that product has been put on the market in one of these States by the proprietor of the patent or with his express consent, unless there are grounds which, under Community law, would justify the extension to such acts of the rights conferred by the patent.

Article 29 - Translation of the claims in examination or opposition proceedings
1. The applicant shall ~file with the European Patent Office within the time limit prescribed in the Implementing Regulations a translation of the claims on which the grant of the European patent is to be based in one of the official languages of each of the Contracting States which does not have English, French or German as an official language.
2. Paragraph 1 shall apply mutatis mutandis in respect of claims which are amended during opposition proceedings.
3. The translations of the claims shall be published by the European Patent Office.
4. The applicant for or proprietor of the patent shall pay the fee for the publication of the translations of the claims within the time limits prescribed in the Implementing Regulations.
5. If the translations prescribed in paragraph 1 are not ~filed in due time or if the fee for the publication of the translations of the claims is not paid in due time the European patent application shall be deemed to be withdrawn in respects of the designated Contracting States. If the translations prescribed in paragraph 2 are not ~filed in due time or if the fee for the publication of the translations of the claims is not paid in due time the Community patent shall be revoked.
6. Where a translation of the claims prescribed in paragraph 1 or 2, or a translation of the claims in the two official languages of the European Patent Office which are not the language of the proceedings, is defective, the applicant for or the proprietor of the patent may ~file a corrected translation with the European Patent Office. The corrected translation shall not have any legal effect until the conditions prescribed in the Implementing Regulations have been complied with.
7. Where the translation of the claims in one of the official languages of a Contracting State is defective, any person who, in that State, is using or has made effective and serious preparations for using an invention the use of which would not constitute infringement of the patent in the defective translation of the claims, may, after the corrected translation takes effect, continue such use without payment. This shall not apply if it is established that the person concerned did not act in good faith.

Article 30 - Translation of the specification of the Community patent
1. In addition to the translations prescribed in Article 29 (1) the applicant shall ~file with the European Patent Office, before the end of the period prescribed in the Implementing Regulations, a translation of the text of the application which forms the basis for the grant of the Community patent in one of the official languages of each of the Contracting States in which the language of the proceedings is not an official language.
2. Paragraph 1 shall apply mutatis mutandis to the text of the Community patent which forms the basis for its maintenance in amended form during opposition proceedings.
3. The European Patent Office shall, within the time limit laid down in the Implementing Regulations, forward to each of the central industrial property offices of the Contracting States which have so requested a copy of the translations referred to in paragraphs 1 and 2 in the relevant language or languages. The applicant must for that purpose ~file a sufficient number of copies of the translations.
4. The translations prescribed in paragraphs 1 and 2 shall be made available to the public by the European Patent Office and shall be forwarded in due time and free of charge to the central industrial property offices of the Contracting States concerned in a suitable form for adequate and inexpensive dissemination.
5. If the translations prescribed in paragraph 1 are ~filed in due time, the proprietor of the patent may avail himself from the date of publication of the mention of the grant of the patent of the rights conferred by the patent.
6. If the translations prescribed in paragraphs 1 or 2 are not ~filed in due time, the Community patent shall be deemed to be void ab initio. However, the proprietor may, instead of the Community patent, obtain a European patent for the Contracting States for which he has ~filed translations in due time. He must for that purpose notify his intention in writing to the European Patent Office within a period of two months from the expiry of the applicable time limit and pay within the same period the fees referred to in Article 81 (1).
7. Article 29 (6) and (7) shall apply mutatis mutandis to the translations prescribed in paragraphs 1 and 2.

Article 31 - Status of translations
The translations provided for in Articles 29 and 30 which have been carried out by persons authorized under the law of a Contracting State shall be deemed in that State to be in conformity with the original, until proved to the contrary.

Article 32 - Rights conferred by a European patent application after publication
1. Compensation reasonable in the circumstances may be claimed from a third party who, in the period between the date of publication of a European patent application in which the Contracting States are designated and the date of publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, has made any use of the invention which, after that period, would be prohibited by virtue of the Community patent.
2. Any Contracting State which does not have as an official language the language of the proceedings of a European patent application in which the Contracting States are designated may prescribe that such application shall not confer, in respect of use of the invention within its territory, the right referred to in paragraph 1 until such time as the applicant, at his option, has:
(a) supplied a translation of the claims in one of its official languages to the competent authority of that State and the translation has been published in accordance with the law of that State; or
(b) communicated such a translation to the person using the invention within that State.
3. Any Contracting State referred to in paragraph 2 may prescribe that, where the applicant avails himself of the option provided for in subparagraph 2 (b), the right conferred by the application in respect of use of the invention within the territory of the State concerned may be invoked only if the applicant supplies a copy of the translation to the competent authority of that State within 15 days after it has been communicated to the person using the invention within that State. The Contracting State may prescribe that the authority shall publish the translation, in accordance with the law of that State.
4. Any Contracting State which adopts a provision under paragraph 2 may prescribe that, where the translation of the claims is defective, any person who, in that State, has used or made effective and serious preparations for using the invention the use of which would not constitute infringement of the application in the original translation of the claims shall be liable for reasonable compensation in accordance with paragraph 1 only from the moment when the corrected translation of the claims has been published or has been received by him, unless it is established that he did not act in good faith, in which case he shall be liable for reasonable compensation in accordance with paragraph 1 from the moment when the requirements of paragraph 2 were fulfilled.

Article 33 - Effect of revocation of the Community patent
1. A European patent application in which the Contracting States are designated and the resulting Community patent shall be deemed not to have had, as from the outset, the effects specified in this Chapter, to the extent that the patent has been revoked.
2. Subject to the national provisions relating either to claims for compensation for damage caused by negligence or lack of good faith on the part of the proprietor of the patent, or to unjust enrichment, the retroactive effect of the revocation of the patent as a result of opposition or revocation proceedings shall not effect:
(a) any decision on infringement which has acquired the authority of a final decision and been enforced prior to the revocation decision;
(b) any contract concluded prior to the revocation decision, in so far as it has been performed before that decision; however, repayment, to an extent justified by the circumstances, of sums paid under the relevant contract, may be claimed on grounds of equity.

Article 34 - Complementary application of national law regarding infringement
1. The effects of a Community patent shall be governed solely by the provisions of this Convention. In other respects, infringement of a Community patent shall be governed by the national law relating to infringement of a national patent, in accordance with and subject to the provisions of the Protocol on Litigation.
2. Paragraph 1 shall apply mutatis mutandis to a European patent application which may result in the grant of a Community patent.

Article 35 - Burden of proof
1. If the subject-matter of a Community patent is a process for obtaining a new product, the same product when produced by any other party shall, in the absence of proof to the contrary, be deemed to have been obtained by the patented process.
2. In the adduction of proof to the contrary, the legitimate interests of the defendant in protecting his manufacturing and business secrets shall be taken into account.





CHAPTER III - NATIONAL RIGHTS

Article 36 - National prior right
1. With regard to a Community patent having a date of filing or, where priority has been claimed, a date of priority later than that of a national patent application or national patent made public in a Contracting State on or after that date, the national patent application or patent shall, for that Contracting State, have the same prior right effect as a published European patent application designating that Contracting State.
2. If, in a Contracting State, a national patent application or patent, which is unpublished by reason of the national law of that State concerning the secrecy of inventions, has a prior right effect with regard to a national patent in that State having a later date of filing, or where priority has been claimed a later date of priority, the same shall apply in that State with regard to a Community patent.

Article 37 - Right based on prior use and right of personal possession
1. Any person who, if a national patent had been granted in respect of an invention, would have had, in one of the Contracting States, a right based on prior use of that invention or a right of personal possession of that invention, shall enjoy, in that State, the same rights in respect of a Community patent for the same invention.
2. The rights conferred by a Community patent shall not extend to acts concerning a product covered by that patent which are done within the territory of the State concerned after that product has been put on the market in that State by the person referred to in paragraph 1, in so far as the national law of that State makes provision to the same effect in respect of national patents.





CHAPTER IV - THE COMMUNITY PATENT AS AN OBJECT OF PROPERTY

Article 38 - Dealing with the Community patent as a national patent
1. Unless otherwise specified in this Convention, a Community patent as an object of property shall be dealt with in its entirety, and for the whole of the territories in which it is effective, as a national patent of the Contracting State in which, according to the Register of European Patents provided for in the European Patent Convention:
(a) the applicant for the patent had his residence or principal place of business on the date of filing of the European patent application;
(b) where subparagraph (a) does not apply, the applicant had a place of business on that date; or
(c) where neither subparagraph (a) nor subparagraph (b) applies, the applicant´s representative whose name is entered first in the Register of European Patents had his place of business on the date of that entry.
2. Where subparagraphs (a), (b) and (c) of paragraph 1 do not apply, the Contracting State referred to in that paragraph shall be the Federal Republic of Germany.
3. If two or more persons are mentioned in the Register of European Patents as joint applicants, paragraph 1 shall apply to the joint applicant first mentioned; if this is not possible, it shall apply to the joint applicant next mentioned in respect of whom it is applicable. Where paragraph 1 does not apply to any of the joint applicants, paragraph 2 shall apply.
4. If in a Contracting State as determined by the preceding paragraphs a right in respect of a national patent is effective only after entry in the national patent register, such a right in respect of a Community patent shall be effective only after entry in the Register of Community Patents.

Article 39 - Transfer
1. An assignment of a Community patent shall be made in writing and shall require the signature of the parties to the contract, except when it is a result of a judgment.
2. Subject to Article 24 (1) a transfer shall not affect rights acquired by third parties before the date of transfer.
3. A transfer shall, to the extent to which it is verified by the papers referred to in the Implementing Regulations, only have effect vis-à-vis third parties after entry in the Register of Community Patents. Nevertheless, a transfer, before it is so entered, shall have effect vis-à-vis third parties who have acquired rights after the date of the transfer but who knew of the transfer at the date on which the rights were acquired.

Article 40 - Enforcement proceedings
The courts and other authorities of the Contracting State determined in accordance with Article 38 shall have exclusive jurisdiction in respect of proceedings relating to judgments or other official acts in so far as they are being enforced against Community patents.

Article 41 - Bankruptcy or like proceedings
1. Until such time as common rules for the Contracting States in this field enter into force, the only Contracting State in which a Community patent may be involved in bankruptcy or like proceedings shall be that in which such proceedings are opened first.
2. Paragraph 1 shall apply mutatis mutandis in the case of joint proprietorship of a Community patent to the share of the joint proprietor.

Article 42 - Contractual licensing
1. A Community patent may be licensed in whole or in part for the whole or part of the territories in which it is effective. A licence may be exclusive or non-exclusive.
2. The rights conferred by the Community patent may be invoked against a licensee who contravenes any restriction in his licence which is covered by paragraph 1.
3. Article 39 (2) and (3) shall apply mutatis mutandis to the grant or transfer of a licence in respect of a Community patent.

Article 43 - Licences of right
1. Where the proprietor of a Community patent ~files a written statement with the European Patent Office that he is prepared to allow any person to use the invention as a licensee in return for appropriate compensation, the renewal fees for the Community patent which fall due after receipt of the statement shall be reduced; the amount of the reduction shall be fixed in the rules relating to fees. Where there is a complete change of proprietorship of the patent as a result of legal proceedings under Article 23, the statement shall be deemed withdrawn upon the entry of the name of the person entitled to the patent in the Register of Community Patents.
2. The statement may be withdrawn at any time upon written notification to this effect to the European Patent Office, provided that no-one has informed the proprietor of the patent of his intention to use the invention. Such withdrawal shall take effect from the date of its notification. The amount by which the renewal fees were reduced shall be paid within one month after withdrawal; Article 48 (2) shall apply, but the six-month period shall start upon expiry of the above period.
3. The statement may not be ~filed while an exclusive licence is recorded in the Register of Community Patents or a request for the recording of such a licence is before the European Patent Office.
4. On the basis of the statement, any person shall be entitled to use the invention as a licensee under the conditions laid down in the Implementing Regulations. A licence so obtained shall, for the purposes of this Convention, be treated as a contractual licence.
5. On written request by one of the parties, a Revocation Division shall determine the appropriate compensation or review it if circumstances have arisen or become known which render the compensation determined obviously inappropriate. The provisions governing revocation proceedings shall apply mutatis mutandis, unless they are inapplicable as a result of the particular nature of revocation proceedings. The request shall not be deemed to have been made until such time as an administrative fee has been paid.
6. N request for recording an exclusive licence in the Register of Community Patents shall be admissible after the statement has been ~filed, unless it is withdrawn or deemed withdrawn.

Article 44 - The European patent application as an object of property
1. Articles 38 to 42 shall apply mutatis mutandis to a European patent application in which the Contracting States are designated, the reference to the Register of Community Patents being understood as referring to the Register of European Patents provided for in the European Patent Convention.
2. The rights acquired by third parties in respect of a European patent application referred to in paragraph 1 shall continue to be effective with regard to the Community patent granted upon that application.





CHAPTER V - COMPULSORY LICENCES IN RESPECT OF A COMMUNITY PATENT

Article 45 - Compulsory licences
1. Any provision in the law of a Contracting State for the grant of compulsory licences in respect of national patents shall be applicable to Community patents. The extent and effect of compulsory licences granted in respect of Community patents shall be restricted to the territory of the State concerned. Article 28 shall not apply.
2. Each Contracting State shall, at least in respect of compensation under a compulsory licence, provide for a final appeal to a court of law.
3. As far as practicable national authorities shall notify the European Patent Office of the grant of any compulsory licence in respect of a Community patent.
4. For the purposes of this Convention, the term ´compulsory licences´ shall be construed as including official licences and any right to use patented inventions in the public interest.

Article 46 - Compulsory licences for lack or insufficiency of exploitation
A compulsory licence may not be granted in respect of a Community patent on the ground of lack or insufficiency of exploitation if the product covered by the patent, which is manufactured in a Contracting State, is put on the market in the territory of any other Contracting State, for which such a licence has been requested, in sufficient quantity to satisfy needs in the territory of that other Contracting State. This provision shall not apply to compulsory licences granted in the public interest.

Article 47 - Compulsory licences in respect of dependent patents
Any provisions in the law of a Contracting State for the grant of compulsory licences in respect of earlier patents in favour of subsequent dependent patents shall be applicable to the relationship between Community patents and national patents and to the relationship between Community patents themselves.


PART III - RENEWAL, LAPSE, LIMITATION AND REVOCATION OF THE COMMUNITY PATENT




CHAPTER I - RENEWAL AND LAPSE


Article 48 - Renewal fees
1. Renewal fees in respect of Community patents shall be paid to the European Patent Office in accordance with the Implementing Regulations. These fees shall be due in respect of the years following the year referred to in Article 86 (4) of the European Patent Convention, provided that no renewal fees shall be due in respect of the first two years, calculated from the date of filing of the application.
2. When a renewal fee has not been paid on or before the due date, the fee may be validly paid within six months of that date, provided that the additional fee is paid at the same time.
3. Any renewal fee in respect of a Community patent falling due within two months after the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent shall be deemed to have been validly paid if it is paid within that period. N additional fee shall be charged.

Article 49 - Surrender
1. A Community patent may be surrendered only in its entirety.
2. Surrender must be declared in writing to the European Patent Office by the proprietor of the patent. It shall not have effect until it is entered in the Register of Community Patents.
3. Surrender will be entered in the Register of Community Patents only with the agreement of any third party who has a right in rem recorded in the Register or in respect of whom there is an entry in the Register pursuant to Article 23 (4), first sentence. If a licence is recorded in the Register, surrender will be entered only if the proprietor of the patent proves that he has previously informed the licensee of his intention to surrender; this entry will be made on expiry of the period laid down in the Implementing Regulations.

Article 50 - Lapse
1. A Community patent shall lapse:
(a) at the end of the term laid down in Article 63 of the European Patent Convention;
(b) if the proprietor of the patent surrenders it in accordance with Article 49;
(c) if a renewal fee and any additional fee have not been paid in due time.
2. The Community patent shall lapse on the date mentioned in Article 53 (4) to the extent that it is not maintained.
3. The lapse of a patent for failure to pay a renewal fee and any additional fee within the due period shall be deemed to have occurred on the date on which the renewal fee was due.
4. The lapse of a Community patent shall, if necessary, be decided by the Patent Administration Division or, if proceedings in respect of that patent are pending before it, a Revocation Division.





CHAPTER II - LIMITATION PROCEDURE

Article 51 - Request for limitation
1. At the request of the proprietor, a Community patent may be limited in the form of an amendment to the claims, the description or the drawings. Limitation in respect of one or some of the Contracting States may be requested only where Article 36 (1) applies.
2. The request may not be ~filed during the period within which an opposition may be ~filed or while opposition proceedings or revocation proceedings are pending.
3. The request shall be ~filed in writing with the European Patent Office. It shall not be deemed to have been ~filed until the fee for limitation has been paid.
4. Article 49 (3) shall apply mutatis mutandis to the filing of the request.
5. Where an application for revocation of the Community patent is ~filed during limitation proceedings, the Revocation Division shall stay the limitation proceedings until a final decision is given in respect of the application for revocation.

Article 52 - Examination of the request
1. The Revocation Division shall examine whether the grounds for revocation mentioned in Article 56 (1) (a) to (d) would prejudice the maintenance of the Community patent as amended.
2. In the examination of the request, which shall be conducted in accordance with the Implementing Regulations, the Revocation Division shall invite the proprietor of the patent, as often as necessary, to ~file observations, within a period to be fixed by the Revocation Division, on communications issued by itself.
3. If the proprietor of the patent fails to reply in due time to any invitation under paragraph 2, the request shall be deemed to be withdrawn.

Article 53 - Rejection of the request or limitation of the Community patent
1. If, following the examination provided for in Article 52, the Revocation Division is of the opinion that the amendments are not acceptable, it shall reject the request.
2. If the Revocation Division is of the opinion that, taking into consideration the amendments made by the proprietor of the patent during the limitation proceedings, the grounds for revocation mentioned in Article 56 do not prejudice the maintenance of the Community patent, it shall decide to limit the patent accordingly, provided that:
(a) it is established, in accordance with the Implementing Regulations, that the proprietor of the patent approves the text in which the Revocation Division intends to limit the patent;
(b) a translation of all amendments to the patent specification in one of the official languages of each of the Contracting States which does not have as an official language the language of the proceedings is ~filed within the time limit prescribed in the Implementing Regulations;
(c) the fee for the printing of a new specification is paid within the time limit prescribed in the Implementing Regulations.
3. If a translation is not ~filed in due time or if the fee for the printing of a new specification is not paid in due time, the request shall be deemed to be withdrawn, unless these acts are done and the additional fee is paid within a further period as prescribed in the Implementing Regulations.
4. The decision to limit a Community patent shall not take effect until the date on which the Community Patent Bulletin mentions the limitation.

Article 54 - Publication of a new specification following limitation proceedings
If a Community patent is limited under Article 53 (2) the European Patent Office shall, at the same time as it publishes the mention of the decision to limit, publish a new specification of the Community patent containing the description, the claims and any drawings, in the amended form. Article 30 (3) and (4) shall apply mutatis mutandis.





CHAPTER III - REVOCATION PROCEDURE

Article 55 - Application for revocation
1. Any person may ~file with the European Patent Office an application for revocation of a Community patent; however, in the case specified in Article 56 (1) (e) the application may be ~filed only by a person entitled to be entered in the Register of Community Patents as the sole proprietor of the patent or by all the persons entitled to be entered as joint proprietors of it in accordance with Article 23 acting jointly.
2. The application may not be ~filed in the cases specified in Article 56 (1) (a) to (d) during the period within which an opposition may be ~filed or while opposition proceedings are pending.
3. An application may be ~filed even if the Community patent has lapsed.
4. The application shall be ~filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been ~filed until the revocation fee has been paid.
5. Applicants shall be parties to the revocation proceedings as well as the proprietor of the patent.
6. If the applicant has neither his residence nor his principal place of business within the territory of one of the Contracting States, he shall, at the request of the proprietor of the patent, furnish security for the costs of the proceedings. The Revocation Division shall fix at a reasonable figure the amount of the security and the period within which it must be deposited. If the security is not deposited within the period specified, the application shall be deemed to be withdrawn.

Article 56 - Grounds for revocation
1. An application for revocation of a Community patent may be ~filed only on the grounds that:
(a) the subject-matter of the patent is not patentable within the terms of Articles 52 to 57 of the European Patent Convention;
(b) the patent does not disclose the invention in a manner sufficiently clear and complete for it to be carried out by a person skilled in the art;
(c) the subject-matter of the patent extends beyond the content of the European patent application as ~filed, or, if the patent was granted on a European divisional application or on a new European application ~filed in accordance with Article 61 of the European Patent Convention, beyond the content of the earlier application as ~filed;
(d) the protection conferred by the patent has been extended;
(e) the proprietor of the patent is not, having regard to a decision which has to be recognized in all the Contracting States, entitled under Article 60 (1) of the European Patent Convention;
(f) the subject-matter of the patent is not patentable within the terms of Article 36 (1).
2. If the grounds for revocation affect the patent only partially, revocation shall be pronounced in the form of a corresponding limitation of the patent. The limitation may be effected in the form of an amendment to the claims, the description or the drawings.
3. In the case specified in paragraph 1 (f), revocation shall be pronounced only in respect of the Contracting State in which the national patent application or national patent has been made public.

Article 57 - Examination of the application
1. If the application for revocation of the Community patent is admissible, the Revocation Division shall examine whether the grounds for revocation mentioned in Article 56 prejudice the maintenance of the patent.
2. In the examination of the application, which shall be conducted in accordance with the Implementing Regulations, the Revocation Division shall invite the parties, as often as necessary, to ~file observations, within a period to be fixed by the Revocation Division, on communications from another party or issued by itself.

Article 58 - Revocation or maintenance of the Community patent
1. If the Revocation Division is of the opinion that the grounds for revocation mentioned in Article 56 prejudice the maintenance of the Community patent, it shall revoke the patent.
2. If the Revocation Division is of the opinion that the grounds for revocation mentioned in Article 56 do not prejudice the maintenance of the patent unamended, it shall reject the application.
3. If the Revocation Division is of the opinion that, taking into consideration the amendments made by the proprietor of the patent during the revocation proceedings, the grounds for revocation mentioned in Article 56 do not prejudice the maintenance of the patent, it shall decide to maintain the patent as amended, provided that:
(a) it is established, in accordance with the Implementing Regulations, that the proprietor of the patent approves the text in which the Revocation Division intends to maintain the patent;
(b) a translation of all amendments to the patent specification in one of the official languages of each of the Contracting States which does not have as an official language the language of the proceedings is ~filed within the time limit prescribed in the Implementing Regulations;
(c) the fee for the printing of a new specification is paid within the time limit prescribed in the Implementing Regulations.
4. If a translation is not ~filed in due time or if the fee for the printing of a new specification is not paid in due time, the patent shall be revoked, unless these acts are done and the additional fee is paid within a further period as prescribed in the Implementing Regulations.

Article 59 - Publication of a new specification following revocation proceedings
If a Community patent is amended under Article 58 (3) the European Patent Office shall, at the same time as it publishes the mention of the decision on the application for revocation, publish a new specification of the Community patent containing the description, the claims and any drawings, in the amended form. Article 30 (3) and (4) shall apply mutatis mutandis.

Article 60 - Costs
1. Each party to revocation proceedings shall meet the costs he has incurred unless a decision of a Revocation Division in accordance with the Implementing Regulations or of the Common Appeal Court in accordance with its Rules of Procedure, for reasons of equity, orders a different apportionment of costs incurred during taking of evidence or in oral proceedings. A decision on the apportionment of the costs may also be taken on request when the application for revocation is withdrawn or when the Community patent lapses.
2. On request, the registry of the Revocation Division shall fix the amount of the costs to be paid under a dicision apportioning them. The fixing of the costs by the registry may be reviewed by a decision of the Revocation Division on a request ~filed within the period laid down in the Implementing Regulations.
3. Article 104 (3) of the European Patent Convention shall apply mutatis mutandis.







PART IV - APPEALS PROCEDURE

Article 61 - Appeal
1. An appeal shall lie from decisions of the Revocation Division and the Patent Administration Division.
2. Articles 106 to 109 of the European Patent Convention shall apply mutatis mutandis to this appeals procedure in so far as the Rules of Procedure of the Common Appeal Court or the Rules relating to Fees do not provide otherwise.







PART V - COMMON PROVISIONS

Article 62 - Common provisions governing procedure and representation
1. The provisions of Part VII, Chapters I and III, of the European Patent Convention, other than Article 124, shall apply mutatis mutandis to this Convention, subject to the following:
(a) Article 114 (1) shall apply only to the Revocation Divisions;
(b) Article 116 (2) and (3) shall apply only to the Patent Administration Division, and paragraph 4 shall apply only to the Revocation Divisions;
(c) Article 122 shall also apply to all other parties to proceedings before the special departments;
(d) Article 123 (3) shall apply to limitation and revocation proceedings before the Revocation Divisions;
(e) the term ´Contracting States´ shall be understood as meaning the States parties to this Convention.
2. Notwithstanding paragraph 1 (e), a person whose name appears on the list of professional representatives maintained by the European Patent Office who is not a national of one of the States parties to this Convention or does not have his place of business or employment within the territory of one of these States, shall be entitled to act as a professional representative for a party to proceedings relating to a Community patent before the special departments, provided that:
(a) he was, according to the Register of European Patents, the person last authorized to act as the professional representative for the same party or his predecessor in title in proceedings pursuant to the European Patent Convention which relate to this Community patent or to the European patent application on which it is based; and
(b) the State of which he is a national or within the territory of which he has his place of business or employment applies rules, as regards representation before the central industrial property office of the State concerned, which comply, in respect of reciprocity, with such conditions as the Select Committee of the Administrative Council may prescribe.

Article 63 - Register of Community Patents
The European Patent Office shall keep a register, to be known as the Register of Community Patents, which shall contain those particulars the registration of which is provided for by this Convention. The Register shall be open to public inspection.

Article 64 - Community Patent Bulletin
The European Patent Office shall periodically publish a Community Patent Bulletin containing entries made in the Register of Community Patents, as well as other particulars, the publication of which is prescribed by this Convention.

Article 65 - Information to the public or official authorities
Articles 128 (4) and 130 to 132 of the European Patent Convention shall apply mutatis mutandis, the term ´Contracting States´ being understood as meaning the States parties to this Convention.







PART VI - JURISDICTION AND PROCEDURE IN ACTIONS RELATING TO COMMUNITY PATENTS OTHER THAN THOSE GOVERNED BY THE PROTOCOL ON LITIGATION







CHAPTER I - JURISDICTION AND ENFORCEMENT

Article 66 - General provisions
Unless otherwise specified in this Convention, the Convention on Jurisdiction and Enforcement of Judgments in Civil and Commercial Matters, signed at Brussels on 27 September 1968, as amended by the Conventions on the Accession to that Convention of the States acceding to the European Communities, the whole of which Convention and of which Conventions of Accession are hereinafter referred to as the ´Convention on Jurisdiction and Enforcement´, shall apply to actions relating to Community patents, other than those to which the Protocol on Litigation applies, and to decisions given in respect of such actions.

Article 67 - Jurisdiction of national courts concerning actions relating to Community patents
The following courts shall have exclusive jurisdiction:
(a) in actions relating to compulsory licences in respect of a Community patent, the courts of the Contracting State the national law of which is applicable to the licence;
(b) in actions relating to the right to a patent in which an employer and an employee are in dispute, the courts of the Contracting State under whose law the right to a European patent is determined in accordance with Article 60 (1), second sentence, of the European Patent Convention. Any agreement conferring jurisdiction shall be valid only in so far as the national law governing the contract of employment allows the agreement in question.

Article 68 - Supplementary provisions on jurisdiction
1. Within the Contracting State whose courts have jurisdiction under Articles 66 and 67, those courts shall have jurisdiction which would have jurisdiction ratione loci and ratione materiae in the case of actions relating to a national patent granted in that State.
2. Articles 66 and 67 shall apply to actions relating to a European patent application in which the Contracting States are designated, except in so far as the right to the grant of a European patent is claimed.
3. Actions relating to a Community patent for which no court has jurisdiction under Articles 66 and 67 and paragraphs 1 and 2 may be heard before the courts of the Federal Republic of Germany.

Article 69 - Supplementary provisions on recognition and enforcement
1. Article 27 (3) and (4) of the Convention on Jurisdiction and Enforcement shall not apply to decisions relating to the right to the Community patent.
2. In the case of irreconcilable decisions relating to the right to a Community patent given in proceedings between the same parties, only the decision of the court first seised of the matter shall be recognized. Neither party may invoke any other decision even in the Contracting State in which it was given.

Article 70 - National authorities
For actions relating to the right to a Community patent or to compulsory licences in respect of a Community patent the term ´courts´ in this Convention and the Convention on Jurisdiction and Enforcement shall ~include authorities which, under the national law of a Contracting State, have jurisdiction to decide such actions relating to a national patent granted in that State. The Contracting State concerned shall notify the European Patent Office of any authority on which such jurisdiction is conferred and the European Patent Office shall inform the other Contracting States accordingly.





CHAPTER II - PROCEDURE

Article 71 - Rules of procedure
Unless otherwise specified in this Convention, the actions referred to in Articles 66 to 68 shall be subject to the national rules of procedure governing the same type of action relating to a national patent.

Article 72 - Obligation of the national court
A national court which is dealing with an action relating to a Community patent, other than the actions governed by the Protocol on Litigation, shall treat the patent as valid.

Article 73 - Stay of proceedings
1. If the decision in an action before a national court relating to a European patent application which may result in the grant of a Community patent, other than an action governed by the Protocol on Litigation, depends upon the patentability of the invention, that decision may be given only after the European Patent Office has granted a Community patent or refused the European patent application. Paragraph 2 shall apply after the grant of the Community patent.
2. Where an opposition has been ~filed or a request for the limitation or an application for the revocation of a Community patent has been made, the national court may, at the request of one of the parties and after hearing the other parties, stay proceedings relating to the Community patent, in so far as its decision depends upon validity.
At the request of one of the parties the court shall instruct that the documentary evidence of the opposition, limitation or revocation proceedings be communicated to it, in order to give a ruling on the request for a stay of proceedings.

Article 74 - Penal sanctions for infringement
The national penal provisions in the matter of infringement shall be applicable in the case of infringement of a Community patent, to the extent that like acts of infringement would be punishable if they similarly affected a national patent.







PART VII - IMPACT ON NATIONAL LAW

Article 75 - Prohibition of simultaneous protection
1. Where a national patent granted in a Contracting State relates to an invention for which a Community patent has been granted to the same inventor or to his successor in title with the same date of filing, or, if priority has been claimed, with the same date of priority, that national patent shall be ineffective to the extent that it covers the same invention as the Community patent, from the date on which:
(a) the period for filing an opposition to the Community patent has expired without any opposition being ~filed;
(b) the opposition proceedings are concluded with a decision to maintain the Community patent; or
(c) the national patent is granted, where this date is subsequent to the date referred to in subparagraph (a) or (b), as the case may be.
2. The subsequent lapse or revocation of the Community patent shall not affect the provisions of paragraph 1.
3. Each Contracting State may prescribe the procedure whereby the loss of effect of the national patent is determined and, where appropriate, the extent of that loss. It may also prescribe that the loss of effect shall apply as from the outset.
4. Prior to the date applicable under paragraph 1, simultaneous protection by a Community patent or a European patent application and a national patent or a national patent application shall exist unless any Contracting State provides otherwise.

Article 76 - Exhaustion of the rights conferred by a national patent
1. The rights conferred by a national patent in a Contracting State shall not extend to acts concerning a product covered by that patent which are done within the territory of that Contracting State after that product has been put on the market in any Contracting State by the proprietor of the patent or with his express consent, unless there are grounds which, under Community law, would justify the extension to such acts of the rights conferred by the patent.
2. Paragraph 1 shall also apply with regard to a product put on the market by the proprietor of a national patent, granted for the same invention in another Contracting State, who has economic connections with the proprietor of the patent referred to in paragraph 1. For the purpose of this paragraph, two persons shall be deemed to have economic connections where one of them is in a position to exert a decisive influence on the other, directly or indirectly, with regard to the exploitation of a patent, or where a third party is in a position to exercise such an influence on both persons.
3. The preceding paragraph shall not apply in the case of a product put on the market under a compulsory licence.

Article 77 - Compulsory licences in respect of national patents
Article 46 shall apply mutatis mutandis to the grant of compulsory licences for lack or insufficiency of exploitation of a national patent.

Article 78 - Effect of unpublished national applications or patents
1. Where Article 36 (2) applies, the Community patent shall be ineffective in the Contracting State concerned to the extent that it covers the same invention as the national patent application or patent.
2. The procedure confirming that, pursuant to paragraph 1, the Community patent is ineffective in the Contracting State shall, in that State, be that according to which, if the Community patent had been a national patent, it could have been revoked or made ineffective.

Article 79 - National utility models and utility certificates
1. Articles 36, 75 and 76 shall apply to utility models and utility certificates and to applications for utility models and utility certificates in the Contracting States whose laws make provision for such models or certificates.
2. If a Contracting State provides in its law that a person may not exercise the rights conferred by a patent so long as there exists a utility model having an earlier date of filing or, where priority has been claimed an earlier date of priority, the same shall, notwithstanding paragraph 1, apply also to the Community patent in that State.







PART VIII - TRANSITIONAL PROVISIONS

Article 80 - Application of the Convention on Jurisdiction and Enforcement
The provisions of the Convention on Jurisdiction and Enforcement rendered applicable by the preceding Articles shall not have effect in respect of any Contracting State for which that Convention has not yet entered into force until such entry into force.

Article 81 - Option between a Community patent and a European patent
1. This Convention shall, subject to paragraph 3, not apply to a European patent application ~filed during a transitional period nor to any resulting European patent provided that, within the time limit prescribed in the Implementing Regulations, the applicant ~files with the European Patent Office a statement indicating that he does not wish to obtain a Community patent and identifying the Contracting States the designation of which is to be maintained. The statement shall not be deemed to be ~filed until after the prescribed fees have been paid. The statement may not be withdrawn.
2. Article 54 (3) and (4) of the European Patent Convention shall apply where a European patent application in which the Contracting States are designated or a Community patent has a date of filing or, where priority has been claimed, a date of priority later than that of a European patent application in which one or some of the Contracting States are designated. In the event of limitation or revocation of the Community patent on this ground, limitation or revocation shall be pronounced only in respect of the Contracting States designated in the earlier European patent application as published.
3. Articles 75 to 77 and 79 shall apply to a European patent as referred to in paragraph 1, the references in Articles 75 and 79 to a Community patent and the references in Articles 76 and 77 to a national patent being understood as references to such a European patent.
4. The transitional period referred to in paragraph 1 may be terminated by decision of the Council of the European Communities, acting on a proposal from the Commission of the European Communities or from a Contracting State.
5. The decision referred to in paragraph 4 shall require unanimity.

Article 82 - Subsequent choice of a Community patent
This Convention shall apply to a European patent granted in respect of a European patent application in which all the Contracting States are designated and which is ~filed prior to the entry into force of this Convention, provided that prior to the expiry of the time limit mentioned in Article 97 (2) (b) of the European Patent Convention the applicant ~files with the European Patent Office a written statement that he wishes to obtain a Community patent.

Article 83 - Reservation in respect of compulsory licences
1. Any signatory State may, at the time of signature or when depositing its instrument of ratification, declare that it reserves the right to provide that Articles 46 and 77 shall not apply within its territory to Community patents or to European patents granted for, or to national patents granted by, that State.
2. Any reservation made by a signatory State under paragraph 1 shall have effect until the end of the 10th year at the latest after the entry into force of the Agreement relating to Community Patents. However, the Council of the European Communities may, acting by a qualified majority on a proposal from a signatory State, extend the period in respect of a signatory State making such a reservation by not more than five years. This majority shall be that specified in the second indent of the second subparagraph of Article 148 (2) of the Treaty establishing the European Economic Community.
3. Any reservation made under paragraph 1 shall cease to apply when common rules on the granting of compulsory licences in respect of Community patents have become operative.
4. Any signatory State that has made a reservation under paragraph 1 may withdraw it at any time. Such withdrawal shall be made by notification addressed to the Secretary-General of the Council of the European Communities and shall take effect one month from the date of receipt of such notification.
5. Termination of the effect of the reservation shall not affect compulsory licences granted before the date on which the reservation ceased to have effect.

Article 84 - Other transitional provisions
1. Articles 159, 161 and 163 of the European Patent Convention shall apply mutatis mutandis, subject to the following:
(a) the first meeting of the Select Committee of the Administrative Council shall be on the invitation of the Secretary-General of the Council of the European Communities;
(b) the term ´Contracting State´ shall be understood as meaning the States parties to this Convention.
2. Notwithstanding paragraph 1 (b), Article 62 (2) shall apply.







PART IX - FINAL PROVISIONS

Article 85 - Implementing Regulations
1. The Implementing Regulations shall be an integral part of this Convention.
2. In the case of conflict between the provisions of this Convention and those of the Implementing Regulations, the provisions of this Convention shall prevail.





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